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Juveniles Incarcerated in Adult Facilities (JIAF)

Students under or of twenty-one years of age who are confined to an adult local correctional institution following a charge for a criminal offense.  These students shall be eligible for educational services in the same manner and to the same extent as a student who has been placed in an alternative education program for disruptive students.


Key Field

Fields coded as “K” or “K*” in the PIMS Manual Volume 1. These fields, once uploaded, cannot be overwritten. In this situation if uploaded data with a key field needs to be corrected, the entire record first must be deleted by the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE) staff and then the corrected record must be uploaded. A field or a group of fields coded as “K” or “K*” which together form a unique identifier for a record.

Keystone Exam

End-of-course assessments designed to assess proficiency in the subject areas of Algebra I, Literature, and Biology.


Language Instruction Educational Program (LIEP)

A student who does not speak English as their primary language and who has a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English.  These students may be entitled to language assistance.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)

Also known as Educational Environment in the Special Education Snapshot Template, this is the indicator located within an exceptional student’s individualized education program. This details to what extent the student is included, if at all, with their non-disabled peers.

Local Education Agency (LEA)

A board of education or other legally constituted local school authority having administrative control and direction of public elementary or secondary schools in a city, county, township, school district, or political subdivision in a state, or any other public educational agency having administrative control and direction of a career and technical program.  This term includes state correctional education agencies.

Location Domain

This PIMS Domain has one type of template which serves several uses. The Location Fact Template is submitted to support data involving truancy, expulsions, and suspensions, School Choice and SES.


National Center for Education Statistics (NCES)

The primary Federal entity for collecting and analyzing data related to education.

Notice of Recommended Educational Placement (NOREP)

A special education form completed by a local education agency which describes a student’s recommended placement.  This document can be used to support data elements in the Special Education Domain such as Type of Support and Service Provider.


Pennsylvania Alternate System of Assessment (PASA)

A statewide alternate assessment designed for students with the most significant cognitive disabilities. Specifically, it is intended for those unable to participate meaningfully in the Pennsylvania System of School Assessment even with accommodations. 

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